The provision of special tools for rescue crews in order to gain access to the interior of a fuselage is essential. Wildlife Control and Page 4 aerodromes the provisions on bird hazard reduction in the fifth edition of Annex 14, Volume I — Aerodrome Design and. For example, low temperatures may freeze medical solutions or tubing during protracted extrication operations. This presents a severe hazard to the lives of those directly involved and can hamper rescue or evacuation efforts. The proposals set out hereunder concerning these services are intended as a general guide, to be applied to the fullest extent practicable. As the nature of the accident changes from emergency operations to the investigation phase, the appropriate accident investigation authority will assume command and responsibility for the accident scene. Transition of authority and other legal factors need to be discussed and preplanned.
The location will dictate the agency responsible for management of the emergency. A distinctive characteristic of aircraft fires is their tendency to reach lethal intensity within a very short time. Such considerations apply to emergency personnel as well as to victims of the accident. . Part 2 - Pavement Surface Conditions. This service must assume at all times the possibility of and need for extinguishing a fire which may: a exist at the time an aircraft is landing, taking off, taxiing, parked, etc. It is crucial that planning details by the response agencies consider local weather conditions and night operations.
An outline of an airport emergency plan is contained in Appendix 2. Effective operations require a great deal of preplanning and regular exercises that provide opportunity for realistic training of personnel from all agencies which will be involved in the emergency. All agencies responding to the accident must know, in advance, their respective roles, responsi- bilities, and to whom they report and who reports to them. The rupture of fuel tanks in an aircraft crash and the consequent spillage of highly volatile fuels, and other flammable liquids used by aircraft, present a high degree of probability of ignition if these liquids come into contact with hot metal parts of the aircraft or because of sparks caused by the movement of wreckage or disturbance of the electrical circuit. For this reason, the provision of adequate and special means of dealing promptly with an aircraft accident or incident occurring at, or in the immediate vicinity of, an airport assumes primary importance because it is within this time frame that there are the greatest opportunities of saving lives.
Customers who bought this product also purchased. Severe weather conditions may also negatively affect fire fighting foam solution. The scope of the emergency plan document should include command, communication and co- ordination functions for executing the plan. Emergency exits and their ability to be opened from the inside and outside of an aircraft is of primary importance in rescue and evacuation operations. Part 3 - Bird Control and Reduction. Part 4 provides information on the characteristics of visual aids used at airports.
Airport Services Manual Doc 9137. The extent of aircraft fires which may affect rescue is influenced largely by the quantity and disposition of fuel carried by the aircraft and the location of any fuel released as a result of the accident or incident. However, their use can only be regarded as an extreme measure to be taken whenever normal means of access including emergency exits are unavailable or unsuitable for use. Fires may also occur through the discharge of accumulated electrostatic charges at the time of ground contact or during fuelling operations. The recommendations contained in this document are based on the requirement that survival of aircraft occupants and other related accident victims is the primary operational objective. Proper design and installation of visual aids are prerequisites for the safety of airport operations.
Precautions must be taken, where necessary, to mitigate weather-induced physical problems such as hypothermia and dehydration. Part 1 - Rescue and Fire Fighting. . . .
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